Mnemonic for causes of vitreous hemorrhage

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MCC: of spontaneous vitreous hemorrhage in decreasing order are: (1) diabetic retinopathy; (2) retinal break without detachment; (3) posterior vitreous detachment; (4) rhegmatogenous retinal detachment; and (5) neovascularization after branch or central vein occlusion. Vitreous hemorrhage causes in descending order, mnemonic A mnemonic to remember the list of causes for acute unilateral painless vision loss is C-3PO's RIVAL.1. Central Retinal Artery Occlusion (CRAO) Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO) Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA) Posterior Vitreous Detachment (PVD) Optic Neuritis. Retinal Detachment. Ischemic Optic Neuropathy. Vitreous Hemorrhage list the causes of vitreous hemorrhage. Retinal break Diabetic retinopathy PVD ruptured RAM retinoschesis Terson's syndrome Valsalva retinopathy. Work-up for intermediate uveitis. ACE RPR NBEO part 1 mnemonics. 45 terms. NBEO I: Mnemonics. 91 terms. NBEO part 1 mnemonics. 12 terms. suppression. Features. Quizlet Live. Quizlet Learn. However, vitreous hemorrhage in the setting of an acute symptomatic posterior vitreous detachment should alert the clinician that the risk of a concurrent retinal break is quite high (70-95 percent). Blunt or perforating trauma can injure intact vessels directly and is the leading cause of vitreous hemorrhage in people younger than 40 H - Hemorrhage A - Amputation of scleral flap N - Non-patent iridectomy C - Choroidal effusion E - Escape of vitreous (Vitreous loss): pseudoexfoliation and high myopia! S - Suprachoroidal/Expulsive hemorrhage

Ophthalmology - MCQ 32 - Most common cause of vitreous hemorrhage in adults. The most common cause of vitreous hemorrhage in adults is: A. Retinal hole. B. Trauma. C. Hypertension. D. Diabetes. Correct answer : D. Diabetes. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of spontaneous vitreous haemorrhage in adults Surgery involves removing the vitreous, removing any form of traction, and applying a laser. Surgery can also be planned if the hemorrhage shows no signs of clearing even after 3 weeks. The earlier teaching of waiting for 3 months for intervention for non-clearing vitreous hemorrhage doesn't stand in the era of small gauge vitrectomy 4 points. In vitreous base detachment , vitreous body is detached from its attachment with the : Optic disc. Ora serrata. Posterior surafce of the lens. Fovea centralis. Correct. Incorrect. Question 4 of 10

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Vitrectomy may be considered reasonable and necessary for the following conditions: vitreous loss incident to cataract surgery, vitreous opacities due to vitreous hemorrhage or other causes, retinal detachments secondary to vitreous strands, proliferative retinopathy, and vitreous retraction. Guideline A popular mnemonic used to recall the more common associations is PEPSI: P seudoxanthoma elasticum, E hler-Danlos syndrome, P aget's disease of bone, S ickle cell disease and other hemoglobinopathies, I diopathic

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Retinal Physician®: Therapeutic and Surgical Treatment of the Posterior Segment delivers in-depth coverage of the latest advances in AMD, diabetic retinopathy, macular edema, retinal vein occlusion as well as surgical intervention in posterior segment care. It reaches both retinal specialists and general ophthalmologists with practical insight regarding current and future treatment strategies. Epidemiology. Vitreous hemorrhage has an incidence of approximately 7 in 100000 1,2.. Clinical presentation. The most common clinical presentation is with sudden, painless visual loss to varying degrees of severity 2.Associated 'floaters' or shadows in the vision have also been reported 2.In traumatic cases, orbital pain may be present, although this is likely to be due to other orbital. Pars plana vitrectomy and endolaser for vitreous hemorrhage secondary to neovascularization. Treat underlying medical conditions; 5. Optic neuritis: IV steroid treatment may be offered to those with poor vision in the other eye or with severe pain

A useful mnemonic to keep in mind all the emergent causes of red eye is HCG FUNKS: H yphema/ H ypopyon (endophthalmitis), C onjunctivitis/ C onjunctival hemorrhage, G lobe rupture, F oreign body, U veitis/ U lcer, N arrow angle closure glaucoma, K eratitis (Herpes keratitis, herpes zoster ophthalmicus, UV), and S cleritis Mnemonic Features; A: cataract, vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment, etc.), preservation of the fellow unaffected eye (if such is the case), as well as the usual prevention for a patient of his/her age group (e.g. correction of refractive errors). Gündüz K, Günalp I, Yalçindaǧ N, Unal E, Taçyildiz N, Erden E, et al. Causes of. IV. Precautions. Recognize and definitively manage signs of shock early (see above) Most cases are Hemorrhagic Shock in the Trauma patient. Paramount to locate and stop the source of bleeding (and replace losses) Comprehensive examination of the patient may be best evaluation tool in Hemorrhagic Shock. Check distal extremity warmth and pulses Vitreous hemorrhage (uni- or bilateral) suggests Terson syndrome (related to acutely raised intracranial pressure, most commonly with subarachnoid hemorrhage). 1.17 Summary of the Neuro-ophthalmic Examination Table 1.6 provides a summary of the neuro-ophthalmic examination and can be used as a checklist at bedside

Prone to Hemorrhoids? - Natural Relie

DEPRIVENS is a common mnemonic for risk factors that cause leakage on FA . Diabetes Diabetic macular edema (DME) is associated with leakage from microaneurysms and retinal capillaries causing circinate rings of hard exudates or lipoprotein deposits. Side effects of vitrectomy include cataract, retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, and a. Vitreous membranes, strands and other opacities due to vitreous hemorrhage or other causes Vitreous retraction. Aetna considers the vitrectomy face support device (post-vitrectomy face-down support system) medically necessary for members who have undergone vitrectomy surgery, and who are required to maintain a face down position in the post. Epidemiology. Vitreous haemorrhage has an incidence of approximately 7 in 100000 1,2.. Clinical presentation. The most common clinical presentation is with sudden, painless visual loss to varying degrees of severity 2.Associated 'floaters' or shadows in the vision have also been reported 2.In traumatic cases, orbital pain may be present, although this is likely to be due to other orbital. • Vitreous Syneresis • R/O Retinal Detachment Especially in the case of new floaters! • Vitreous Detachment (e.g. PVD) • Vitreous Hemorrhage • Posterior or Intermediate Uveitis • Other sources of Vitreous Cells e.g. Masquerade Syndrome for Uveitis: Lymphoma or Tumor (RB, Melanoma) • Other Unusual Causes (in Vitreous

Retina Mnemonic Flashcards by C S Brainscap

  1. Retinal and vitreous detachment produce flashes or floaters that are unilateral, white in color and produce a curtain descending on the vision phenomenon, as opposed to the migraine‐associated bilateral, coloured and tunnel‐vision symptoms SSNOOP mnemonic for re
  2. Sudden: vascular occlusion (e.g., AION, CRAO, CRVO) or bleeding (e.g., vitreous hemorrhage, wet macular degeneration)
  3. Learn Other Eye Disorders in Neurological Disorders - Pathology for Nurse Practitioner faster and easier with Picmonic's unforgettable videos, stories, and quizzes! Picmonic is research proven to increase your memory retention and test scores. Start learning today for free
  4. MIGRAINE HEADACHE. POUND mnemonic for diagnosis of migraine: Pulsatile quality, 4‐72 hOurs, Unilateral pain, Nausea, and Disabling intensity - 4 out of 5 features present gives a positive likelihood ratio of 24 for this headache to be a migraine (in a study based out of GP clinics); photophobia and phonophobia are also often present Retinal and vitreous detachment produce flashes or.
  5. Differential Diagnosis of Acute Painless Vision Loss (Uninflamed eye) Retinal artery occlusion Retinal vein occlusion. Retinal detachment Macular degeneration (exudative) Optic neuritis e.g. from multiple sclerosis Ischemic optic neuropathy Vitreous hemorrhage Stroke Giant cell arteritis / temporal arteritis Hyperglycemia (blurry vision) Polycythemia vera (blurry vision) Diplopia Papilledema.
  6. Choroidal Melanoma. The wall of the eye has 3 main layers. From outside to inside there is: the white sclera, a blood vessel layer called the uvea (choroid, ciliary body and iris) and an inner retinal layer. Further, the pigment producing cells, melanocytes are primarily found in the vascular uveal layer. It is those melanocytes that can.
  7. incomplete fenestrated musculofascial system extending from bony orbit to anterior third of globe, consists of extraocular muscles + interconnecting fascia. extraconal space: between muscle cone + bony orbit containing fat, lacrimal gland, lacrimal sac, portion of superior ophthalmic v

Vitreous Hemorrhage. Spontaneous or traumatic. Uveitis: Uveitis is the general term for inflammation inside the eye. Biomicroscopic examination reveals WBCs in the anterior chamber, vitreous space, or both. A hypopyon (WBC accumulation) may form in the anterior chamber. Corneal edema and a decreased red reflex may also be present Vitreous Hemorrhage 1 Vitreous Hemorrhage This material will help you understand what a vitreous hemorrhage is, its causes, and how it is treated. What is a vitreous hemorrhage? A vitreous hemorrhage occurs when blood gets into the vitreous. The vitreous is a gel-like structure that fills the back of the eye. The blood blocks light ray aOLDCART mnemonic for history of present illness. Subconjunctival hemorrhage Vitreous hemorrhage ized tomography scanning is the most sensi-tive, readily available imaging study to detect that causes inflammation of the cornea or the anterior chamber (Schuler, 2007)

The vitreous hemorrhage may be the result of an aneurysm of a blood vessel in the eye, trauma to the eye, a retinal tear, a retinal detachment, a new blood vessel (neo-vascularization) or as a result of another underlying disease state. These disease states include diabetes, hypertension, sickle cell anemia, and carotid artery disease Vitreous hemorrhage is the extravasation, or leakage, of blood into the areas in and around the vitreous humor of the eye. The vitreous humor is the clear gel that fills the space between the lens and the retina of the eye. A variety of conditions can result in blood leaking into the vitreous humor, which can cause impaired vision, floaters, and photopsia Like patients with vitreous detachment, those with a retinal detachment will report new floaters or peripheral flashing lights. (12) The presence of vitreous hemorrhage or pigment, which can be seen in a slit lamp exam, is associated with increased risk for retinal detachment, as is a subjective report of vision loss. (13 Ophthalmology - MCQ 32 - Most common cause of vitreous hemorrhage in adults The most common cause of vitreous hemorrhage in adults is: A. Retinal hole B. Trauma C. Hypertension D. Diabetes Correct answer : D. Diabetes Proliferative diabetic retinopathy i

Increased attenuation of the vitreous on CT imaging in the context of trauma is concerning for vitreous hemorrhage. This can manifest as increased attenuation within the substance of the vitreous (Fig. 14). Hemorrhage may also layer within the vitreous (Fig. 19). Hemorrhage may also occur in the subhyaloid space between the vitreous and inner. Additionally, extensive chemosis often hemorrhagic, relative hypotony, and vitreous hemorrhage may also be present in occult globe rupture. If the presence of a wound is confirmed, evaluation should be stopped so that fine details of the injury are best determined during surgery to avoid causing additional tissue extrusion or bleeding Open-globe injuries come in many varieties and are sub-classified based on the mechanism of injury. Blunt injury of significant force causes deformation changes of the globe with rapid rise in intraocular pressure. With anterior-posterior shortening of the eye, the eyewall undergoes significant strain and can rupture or burst at weak points Syndromes. Dresslers syndrome -Pleural effusion in MI after 2 weeks. Chediak Higashi Syndrome -Microtubule polymerization defect resulting in decreased phagocytosis. Kartagener's syndrome - Immotile cilia due to dynein arm defect. Eaton Lambert Syndrome -Auto antibodies against calcium channels,clinically similar to myasthenia Hello everybody!. In this post let's quickly learn about Terson Syndrome. So what is it? This Syndrome is a combination of intraocular and subarachnoid haemorrhage secondary to aneurysmal rupture, most commonly arising from the anterior communicating artery.. Terson Syndrome along with other bleeding disorders is included amongst the Systemic causes of vitreous hemorrhage

Tiny Tips: C-3PO's RIVAL Acute Unilateral Painless

Floaters (myodesopsia, mouches volantes) At birth, the tertiary vitreous is perfectly transparent. Myodesopsia is the perception of a floater and is caused by the development of imperfections or deposits within the vitreous body that cast a moving shadow on the retina. Floaters have been likened to flying flies (synonyms mouches volantes in French or muscae volitantes in Latin) If you try to move the lens fragments [while working on the vitreous]—for example, using the phaco probe—the probe will begin to aspirate bits of vitreous jelly, pulling on the retina and creating tears, says Dr. Ho. • Consider using Kenalog or air to visualize the vitreous. Make sure you really have removed the vitreous, says Dr. Devgan

Quiz #10 - Ophthalmology Quiz - Errors of Refraction. This ophthalmology quiz comprises 10 MCQs on Errors of Refraction. Correct answers along with explanations are displayed at the end of the quiz. Do add your name in the leaderboard after attempting the quiz, to assess your performance relative to your peers Cataracts are the leading cause of blindness and 33% of visual including an associated large vitreous hemorrhage, narrow anterior angle precluding mydriatic application, periorbital . recommend the mnemonic CASE. 1. Close and cover the eye with gel 2. Axial plane: apply the transducer gently on the eye with.

Nontraumatic causes of transient (<24h) monocular vision loss. Common causes of non-traumatic transient visual loss include: amaurosis fugax (usually minutes) — usually embolic or thrombotic; can occur secondary to hypoperfusion states, hyperviscosity or vasospasm. migraine (can be without headache) one eye closed! Uncommon causes include The mnemonic To Find Small Ocular Melanoma Using Helpful Hints Daily (TFSOM-UHHD) has been proposed. 6 This stands for thickness greater than 2 mm, subretinal fluid, symptoms, orange pigment present, margin within 3 mm of the optic disc, ultrasonographic hollowness (versus solid/flat), absence of halo and absence of drusen. 6 (A halo. Vitreous Hemorrhage Cause: trauma, surgical intervention, arterial hypertension, retinal detachment, ocular tumor. Coats disease visual loss frequent US: numerous irregular, poorly defined low-intensity echoe; echogenic material moving freely within vitreous chamber during eye movement voluminous hyperechoic fibrin clots not fixed to optic. Retinal artery occlusion is usually associated with sudden painless loss of vision in one eye. The area of the retina affected by the blocked vessels determines the area and extent of visual loss. The main artery supplying blood to the eye is the ophthalmic artery; when it is blocked, it produces the most damage Globe rupture with protruding uveal tissue. Globe rupture with deep penetrating orbital wounds and extensive globe laceration. Eye pain. +/- decreased visual acuity. Teardrop-shaped pupil. Flat anterior chamber. Extrusion of intraocular content. Subconjunctival hemorrhage involving entire (360 degree) sclera. Hemorrhagic chemosis

Vitreous Flashcards Quizle

  1. Ophthalmology MCQs- 4th Year. 1. The first line of treatment in chemical injury is. 2. In blow out fracture the commonest bone to fracture is. 3. Following are the features of orbital floor fracture. 4. The commonest painless lid swelling is
  2. Mar 27, 2018 - posterior eye picture - vitreous (vitreous hemorrhage, posterior vitreous detachment), retina (retinal detachment, retinal vascular occlusion (central retinal artery or vein occlusion), optic nerve (optic neuritis (inflammation), temporal arteritis (ischemia
  3. utes to hours and should be investigated in the absence of other causes. Although it is usually associated by orbital pain, it can be painless
  4. ation by an.
  5. Intermediate uveitis (IU) refers to ocular inflammation that localizes primarily to the vitreous and peripheral retina. Epidemiology and Etiology IU most often occurs in children and young adults. IU accounts for up to 15% of uveitis cases in adults, with higher percentages reported at tertiary referral centers, and accounts for up to 28% of uveiti
  6. A retinal flap may be seen in vitreous hemorrhage and retinal detachment. Color Doppler flow may be absent in the optic nerve in central retinal artery occlusion. Several studies have shown that a dilated optic nerve sheath diameter greater than 5 mm is associated with optic neuritis
Vitreous Hemorrhage Case – Color, FA - Recognizing

It may occur spontaneously because of degenerative changes in the retina (as in diabetic retinopathy) or vitreous humor, trauma, inflammation, tumor, or loss of a lens to a cataract. It is rare in children, the disorder most commonly occurs after age 40. Untreated retinal detachment results in loss of a portion of the visual field. Causes/Risk. Undulations of the choroid and the overlying structures. Causes: Most commonly idiopathic. Others include hyperopia, choroidal tumor or detachment, choroidal neovascular membrane, optic disk swelling, orbital tumors, scleral buckle, hypotony, orbital and scleral inflammation Side effects of vitrectomy include cataract, retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, and a rise in intraocular pressure. Prognosis CME is usually self-limiting and spontaneously resolves within 3-4 months. Depending on the etiology, resolution of the edema may be helped via medical or surgical options. If the edema i Labels: eye floaters causes, muscae volitantes causes, vitreous degenerations causes, vitreous hemorrhage causes, vitreous inflammations causes 35 - Vitreous Mcqs with answers and explanations 1

Myopic CNV is the most common cause of vision loss in high myopia and has been reported in 5% to 10% of cases of pathologic myopia. [10] [11] Staphyloma development, characterized by outpouching of scleral tissue typically involving the optic disc or macula, is a common occurrence, estimated in 35% of eyes with high myopia. [12 The white reflex - in which incident light causes a white reflection from the retina - is a classic signal of retinoblastoma. However, we should remember that the symptom does not correlate exactly with this condition; not all children with retinoblastoma have the white reflex, and not all children with a white reflex have retinoblastoma Chapter 22 Red and Painful Eye Joshua L. Wright and John M. Wightman Perspective Epidemiology and Pathophysiology Most eye complaints are not immediately sight-threatening and can be managed by an emergency physician. Nontraumatic diseases, such as glaucoma and peripheral vascular disease leading to retinal ischemia, are more common with advancing age Hemorrhage in nerve fiber layer appears in ophthalmoscope as horizontal streaks or flames Hemorrhage in external retinal layers appears as dots Fovea centralis: center of macula, slightly depressed, 1.5 mm in diameter, responsible for most visual acuity; lacks blood vessels (relies on choroidal circulation) and rod Orbit. Title: Radiology Review Manual, 6th Edition. innervates medial rectus, superior rectus, inferior rectus, inferior oblique muscle, pupilloconstrictor, levator palpebrae. Amaurosis fugax = cholesterol emboli from internal carotid artery occluding central retinal artery and its branches

Vitreous Hemorrhage: Diagnosis and Treatment - American

Glaucoma Mnemonics Flashcards Quizle

Ophthalmology - MCQ 32 - Most common cause of vitreous

Vitrectomy Surgery - Types, Indications, Procedure

i-File: Vitreous Haemorrhag

  1. Occasionally, vitreous hemorrhage can develop, obscuring the view of the tumor, requiring ultrasonography. Other signs can include choroidal folds, rubeosis iridis, secondary glaucoma and cataract. Choroidal melanoma is clinically grouped into three sizes based on the tumor thickness-small (0-3.0mm), medium (3.1-8.0mm), and large (8.1mm or.
  2. ed at medical school. Use this d... - Picturing Medicine - Google
  3. Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) is a common retinal vascular disorder. Clinically, CRVO presents with variable visual loss; the fundus may show retinal hemorrhages, dilated tortuous retinal veins, cotton-wool spots, macular edema, and optic disc edema
  4. Causes of sudden loss of vision. Sudden painless loss of vision : Central retinal artery occlusion. Ischemic central retinal vein occlusion. Retinal detachment involving macular area. Massive vitreous hemorrhage. Sudden painful of vision : Acute congestive glaucoma. Acute iridocyclitis
  5. Causes. Your vitreous gel is mostly made of water. For much of your life, it's right up against your retina at the back of your eye, near your optic nerve. Tiny fibers attach the gel to your retina
  6. Coma is a presenting symptom in approximately 0.5-1% of emergency department admissions, although the only paper addressing frequency of coma in the ED dates from 1934, citing coma as the presentation in 3% of admissions to the ED. A more recent retrospective analysis found alteration of mental status in between 4% and 10% of ED patients. Disturbances may be caused by a wide variety of.

Interpreting an abnormality on a macular optical coherence tomography (OCT) image can be daunting for practitioners relatively new to OCT. However, with some review and experience under your belt, you can identify what's wrong on an OCT, correlate this with the clinical exam to make more accurate diagnoses and then begin to get more comfortable managing many of these patients on your own The three most common types of senile cataracts are defined by their location in the lens. Nuclear cataract. A nuclear cataract is caused by central opacity in the lens and has a substantial genetic component. Cortical cataract. A cortical cataract involves the anterior, posterior, or equatorial cortex of the lens. Posterior subcapsular cataracts Posterior chamber. This is a very small area posterior to the iris, which we cannot discern on imaging. Specific pathologies in this area are: glaucoma, uveitis and ciliary melanoma. Vitreous body. The larger area posterior to the lens is the vitreous body. Specific pathologies within the vitreous body are: Rupture

Quiz #4 - Ophthalmology Quiz - Vitreous medicomaestr

The follicles appear as gray-white, round to oval elevations which measuring between 0.5 to 1.5 mm in diameter. Follicles can be seen in the inferior and superior tarsal conjunctiva, and less often, on bulbar or limbal conjunctiva. Acute follicular conjunctivitis is usually associated with viral (epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, Herpes zoster. Hemorrhage is the leading cause of Trauma related death (typically within hours of presentation) Pathophysiology. Significant Blood Volume loss causes impaired Oxygen Delivery. With Hypoxemia, cellular metabolism relies on anaerobic glycolysis; Lactic Acid is produced with Metabolic Acidosis Procedure. Here is a simple mnemonic to help you with each CASE of potential retinal detachment: 1) Close and cover the eye; 2) place the transducer in the axial plane; 3) scan the retina; and 4) evaluate the periphery. Place the ultrasound machine at the head of the bed with the patient supine. Ask the patient to close his or her eyes, and.

Vitreous Hemorrhage From Retinal Tear Caused by Posterior

Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO) Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) causes sudden, painless vision loss that can be mild to severe. Most people will have high blood pressure, chronic open-angle glaucoma and/or significant hardening of the arteries. For eye occlusion, you may receive ocular massage or glaucoma medications to lower eye pressure A 58-year-old female was referred by her optometrist for the evaluation of a pigmented lesion in her right eye (OD) found incidentally on dilated exam. The last dilated exam was performed 3 years prior and was reportedly normal at that time. The patient denied change in vision, flashes, floaters, and pain

25 gVitreous Syneresis: An Impending Posterior VitreousMeningococcemia With Vitreous Opacities: Endophthalmitis

Pathophysiology of retinal artery occlusions []. CRAO is the ocular equivalent of cerebral stroke and is a process of end-organ ischaemia. Many of the risk factors are those for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease and its occurrence is a warning sign for other vascular complications Vitreous hemorrhage: Suspect if sudden painless monocular loss of vision, more common in diabetics with an obscured red reflex and retinal details. Patients often report seeing flashing lights. Patients also complain of seeing dark floating spots or floaters, which reflect benign vitreous separation Vitreous body hyperdensity along the remnant of the hyaloid artery • No calcification rare (in contrast to retinoblastoma) • Complications: Retinal detachment . Chronic retinal hemorrhage . Retrolental Fibroplasia (Retinopathy of Prematurity) Toxic retinopathy caused by oxygen treatment (e.g., for hyaline membrane disease [HMD]) The most common cause of unilateral blindness in industrialized countries is eye trauma, most of which can be prevented with the use of protective goggles. Every year, more than 55 million people worldwide experience eye traumas, and more than one million suffer total loss of vision. Eye traumas constitute approximately 3% of total emergency department cases; most of these traumas are minor. ' Iris Shadow ' Immature Senile cataract. Logic: When there is any clear cortex between the iris and the opacity (greyish white in immature senile cataract), the shadow of the iris which falls upon the opacity, as light is cast upon the eye is visible through the clear cortex.This is called the 'iris shadow' and is a common sign in immature senile catarct leads to GI hemorrhage, H/Smegaly, death by ruptured esophogeal varicies. S. haemoatobium infection can cause bladder cancer. Schistosomes are separate sexes that live attached to each other. Females reside in male grooves. 200 million cases worldwide Trematode Affected veins Eggs Endemic area