Embassies in Switzerland

This article lists diplomatic missions resident in the Swiss Confederation and that are accredited to Switzerland. At present, the capital city of Bern hosts 88 embassies, while Geneva, which hosts the headquarters of the United Nations in Europe, hosts 53 missions, which are accredited to Switzerland as embassies.Several other countries have ambassadors accredited to Switzerland, with most. Mauritian Embassy in Geneva, Switzerland. Phone 00 41 22 734 8550. Fax 00 41 22 734 8630. Website-Email mission.mauritius@ties.itu.int. Address 7 Chemin Louis Dunant 1202, Geneve Case Postale 144, 1211 Geneva 20. Switzerland. OFFICE HOURS--Details The Switzerland Embassy Worldwide page indicates the comprehensive list of Foreign Embassies and Consulates from around the world located in Switzerland as well as Swiss Embassies, Consulates and other Swiss representations worldwide. There are about 83 Foreign Embassies and 149 Consulates placed in the territory of Switzerland The mission of the United States Embassy is to advance the interests of the United States, and to serve and protect U.S. citizens in Switzerland Switzerland has embassies in 145 cities across the world. Top cities include Tirana, Alger, Andorra la Vella and Luanda. See a visual map of embassies on the world map. Switzerland is part of Central Europe, Europ

List of diplomatic missions in Switzerland - Wikipedi

Swiss embassies and consulates. If you are traveling to Switzerland and need a Schengen Visa, you will need to apply via the embassy or consulate in your country of residence. Switzerland has around 48 embassies and 58 consulates spread all over the world This is a list of diplomatic missions of Switzerland, excluding honorary consulates.Switzerland is well known as a protecting power, having used its embassies abroad to represent the interests of states hostile to each other since the Franco-Prussian War.In the Second World War Switzerland served as protecting power for 35 countries on both sides—its embassy in Washington represented Germany. U.S. Embassy Bern, Switzerland 031 357 70 11 (dialing within Switzerland) +41 31 357 70 11 (dialing from overseas) American Citizens Services Unit Visa Unit. State Department Bureau of Consular Affairs +1-888-407-4747 (toll-free in the United States and Canada Embassy of Switzerland in the United States of America. Represents Switzerland's interests in the United States of America and provides services to Swiss nationals in the District of Columbia (DC), the States of Delaware (DE), Illinois (IL), Indiana (IN), Iowa (IA), Kansas (KS), Kentucky (KY), Maryland (MD), Missouri (MO), Nebraska (NE), Virginia (VA), West Virginia (WV), as well as in the. The Embassy of Switzerland is constantly assessing the situation. Some airlines have suspended services to and from India. If your flight has been cancelled please check directly with the airline. Air France: www.airfrance.com +91 12 462 33 502, 1800-4192-033. KLM: www.klm.com. Lufthansa www.lufthansa.com

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a Level 3 Travel Health Notice for the Switzerland due to COVID-19, indicating a high level of COVID-19 in the country. Visit the Embassy's COVID-19 page for more information on COVID-19 in Switzerland. Read the country information page Embassy of Nigeria in Bern, Switzerland. Embassy of Nigeria in Bern, Switzerland located at Zieglerstrasse 45. View larger location map, get driving directions to the Embassy of Nigeria or view address, phone, fax, email, office hours, official website, consular services, visa types, and head of mission (HOM) Swiss Embassy in Algers, Algeria Embassy of Switzerland in Algeria 2, Rue Numero 3 PO Box 443 16035 Paradou Tel.: (+213-21) 600422 Fax: (+213-21) 609854. Swiss Consulate in Andorra la Vella, Andorra Consulate of Switzerland in Andorra c/o Crowne Plaza Andorra Carrer Prat de la Creu 88-89 Tel.: (+376) 874444 Fax: (+376) 874445. Swiss Consulate. U.S. Embassy Bern. Sulgeneckstrasse 19 3007 Bern, Switzerland Mailing address: P.O. 3259, 3001 Bern, Switzerland Emergency Telephone: + (41) (31) 357-7011 Fax: + (41) (31) 357-7280 Contact form The Consular Section at the U.S. Embassy provides routine and emergency services for U.S. citizens We provide general information about the Germany Embassy in Switzerland. We have no affiliation with the Germany Embassy or the Germany Embassy visa department in Bern. Addres: German Embassy in Bern, Switzerland - Willadingweg 83 - Case postale 250 - 3000 Bern 15 - Switzerland. Telephone Number: (+41) 31 359 41 11. Fax Number: (+41) 31 359 44 44

Embassies and Consulates in Switzerland GoAbroad

Embassy of Rwanda in Geneva, Switzerland. Embassy of Rwanda in Geneva, Switzerland located at 37/39 Rue de Vermont. View larger location map, get driving directions to the Embassy of Rwanda or view address, phone, fax, email, office hours, official website, consular services, visa types, social media channels, and head of mission (HOM) Embassy of Spain in Switzerland. Kalcheggweg 24. Postfach 1333, Berna. 3000 Bern 16 Switzerland Foreign representations in Switzerland. Egyptian Embassy In Bern represents one of 246 foreign consular and diplomatic representations from around the world in Switzerland. Share This Story, Choose Your Platform! Embassies & Consulates of Egypt in Switzerland neighbours. Austria

Russian Embassy in Brussels, Belgium - Embassy n Visa

Switzerland - Embassies and Consulates Worldwid

This site is provided by the US Arab Chamber of Commerce in Washington D.C. to facilitate the certification and legalization of business documents from the embassy/consulate of Egypt. List of Consulates and Embassies in Switzerland The Embassy of Switzerland in Bangkok announced that it has secured AstraZeneca Covid-19 vaccine appointments for 180 Swiss citizens living in Thailand who are at least 55 years old, or who have underlying health conditions. The embassy says Swiss expats living in other provinces in Thailand can also register for a vaccine, but they must travel. Sealing stamps of embassies in Switzerland‎ (1 C, 1 F) Media in category Embassies in Switzerland The following 2 files are in this category, out of 2 total

Embassy of Switzerland on Facebook Embassy of Switzerland on Twitter. Personnel. Chief of Mission: His Excellency Jacques Pitteloud, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Diplomacy is like banking: it is about building up a deposit of goodwill to use when necessary. - Heng Chee Chan Switzerland Embassy and Consulate Information Switzerland Embassy and Consulate information provided by Passports and Visas.com. We are a nationally recognized US Passport and visa service by the Washington Post, New York Times and USA Today. Our team has been getting passports and visas for travelers (such as to Switzerland) for over 15 years Embassy of Nigeria, Bern. Embassy of the Federal Republic of Nigeria in Bern was established to enhance relations between Nigeria and Switzerland which focuses on economic cooperation, migration issues, and human rights. Various political issues between the two countries are discussed once a year in the framework of high-level political. Consulate General of Switzerland 633 Third Ave 30 th Floor New York, NY 10017-6706 Phone: +1 (212) 599-5700 Fax: +1 (212) 599-4266 Email: [email protected] Website. San Francisco ; Residents of States of Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming Consulate General of. Address: Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the UN 633 Third Avenue, 29th floor New York, NY 10017-6706: Phone: local: (212) 286.1540 international: +

U.S. Embassy in Switzerland and Liechtenstei

  1. g 3 employees of the US Embassy in Bern Switzerland, Brianna Powers, Jeremias Dirk and Chris Del Monico, Sutz had hoped to hold them accountable to the Swiss Cri
  2. The mission of the United States Embassy is to advance the interests of the United States, and to serve and protect U.S. citizens
  3. This site is managed by the U.S. Department of State. External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein
  4. Embassy Services. In order to provide a safe environment for our staff and our visitors, and adhering to public health advice in Switzerland, the Embassy is operating through a combination of remote working and a reduced presence in the Embassy. Our public office is available by appointment only
  5. Visitors to British Embassy Berne. Access to the Embassy is by appointment only. Please call +41 (0)31 359 77 00, which is available 24/7, and follow the prompt for consular assistance. Due to the.

United Kingdom Embassy in Switzerland: detailed information on British Embassy and Consulates locations, including addresses, e-mails and phone number If you intend to stay in the territory of Switzerland for a total of more than 90 days (at least 91 days) during one or more visits within a half-year period calculated from the date of first entry, you need to apply for a national visa. Attention! Please consult the Swiss Embassy in your country for the updated Swiss Visa requirements Office Hours Monday-Friday 09.00 hrs.-12.00 hrs. and 14.00 hr.-17.00 hrs. Consular Section opens 9.00 hrs.-12.00 hrs. Consular Section/Passport Tel: (41-31) 970-3414, (41-31)970-341 Read the Swiss Embassy guidance on residency permits. If you work 8 hours or more a week, you're covered against occupational and non-occupational accidents by your employer

Read on the page Applying for a Dutch nationality certificate if you live in Switzerland, which documents you need and how to apply for the certificate. Schengen visa application. Apply for your visa at the embassy of Luxemburg in Bern. Naturalisations. Send an email to make an appointment. Collection of documents (no appointment needed Stat: As per 2017, Switzerland has issued a total of 451,528 uniform Schengen visas from 517,010 visa applications received at Swiss consulates and embassies around the world. The Visa rejection rate was 7.25% Address: Schlosslistrasse 26, 3008 Bern - SWITZERLAND. Phone: (+41) 31 388 78 78. Fax: (+41) 31 388 78 79. Email: vietsuisse@bluewin.ch. The Vietnamese embassy and consulate general in Switzerland provide a variety of services, including visa and passport issuance, consular legalization, and assistance to Vietnamese in need among others

Switzerland inaugurates new multi-million-franc Moscow embassy This content was published on Jun 18, 2019 Jun 18, 2019 Switzerland has inaugurated a new embassy in Moscow which brings together. Embassy of Republic of Bulgaria in Bern, The Swiss Confederation Address: Bern 3005, Bernastrasse 02-04 Telephonе: +41 31 351 14 55 +41 31 351 14 56 Fax:+41 31 351 00 64 Оut-of-hours hotline: +41 798243822 Office hours: Mon - Fri, 9.00 am - 12.00 pm Email: [email protected

Switzerland embassies in different countries in 2021

The Canadian Embassy in Bern is across the way from the British Embassy in Switzerland and up the road from the Thai Embassy in Switzerland.If you are in Switzerland then you can speak to the staff at the embassy about registering a death, registering a birth or even seeking a Notary Public or assistance if you have been arrested The Swiss foreign ministry (FDFA) said an employee at its embassy in Iran had died of an accident, without identifying the victim. The FDFA and its head Federal Councillor Ignazio Cassis are. Gambian Embassy in Baltschieder Bezirk Visp > Valais > Switzerland Advertisements Consulates, unlike embassies, are not owned by the states represented at that do not have diplomatic immunity and its services usually are not precisely precisely the same as those supplied an embassy

Switzerland embassies & consulates for Schengen visa

  1. Swiss passport valid for 5 years - CHF 50. Time taken for Passport Renewal in Switzerland. It will take more than a month for processing a Swiss passport application if you do not have a valid permanent identity card. The time for forwarding the application and dispatching the prepared passport is excluded
  2. ars, summer schools, or language schools.; The National D visa - a long-term study visa that can be used for anything lasting longer than three months, such as degree courses or.
  3. Official Channel of the Embassy of Switzerland in The United States of America. The Embassy in D.C. offers consular and legal services for the following U.S. states (area of Consular Jurisdiction.
  4. istries of economic affairs is important. Bilateral meetings organised by the embassy are used to strengthen relations between Switzerland and the host country

List of diplomatic missions of Switzerland - Wikipedi

34 Amazing Embassies That Definitely Make Both Countries

5,101 Followers, 52 Following, 1,262 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from India in Switzerland (@indian_embassy_in_switzerland Vacancy Announcement: Switzerland through its development cooperation has been engaged in Nepal since 1959. With the establishment of its Embassy in Nepal in August 2009, Switzerland's assistance in Nepal continues to focus on federal state building, employment and income through agriculture, rural infrastructure and vocational skills, as well as migration

COVID-19 Information U

  1. Work visas in Switzerland for self-employed, freelancers, and entrepreneurs. Switzerland doesn't offer self-employment visas. Those wanting to start their own business or work in a self-employed capacity usually need to have a settlement permit. This means you need to have already lived in Switzerland for at least five years, or in many cases ten years, to become self-employed
  2. When there is no Switzerland Consulate located in Los Angeles you can either contact a consulate in a neigboring state or contact the embassy in Washington. Los Angeles in the State of Southern California, on the West Coast of the United states, is the most ethnically diverse city in the United States
  3. The second-highest ranked employee at the Swiss embassy in Tehran died Tuesday after a fall from the building where she lived, according to a report. R, citing the country's semi-official.
  4. UNHCR's Internship Programme offers eligible students and recent graduates the opportunity to gain experience in the humanitarian sector in an international environment, in line with their academic programme or future work in a field related to UNHCR's mission. Internships are offered at various locations depending on the needs and capacity.
  5. 6 reviews of Embassy of Switzerland Occupying a large corner lot in a nice residential NW neighborhood, the Embassy of Switzerland looks like some kind of small office compound or pharmaceutical laboratory. I saw a screening here as part of the DC Environmental Film Fest... the movie was awesome, but the embassy isn't a good venue for film
  6. Welcome to the Embassy of Greece in Bern. In this section of our website, you can access information regarding the activities of our Missions, the services they provide and our contact information. You can also read about our bilateral relations and find detailed and up-to-date information about Greece. Information for citizens wishing to travel

Embassy of Switzerland in the United States of Americ

Embassy of Switzerland Singapore. 19 hrs ·. Did You Know that according to Guinness World Records, the Zurich based company Hiltl is the oldest vegetarian restaurant in the world? It was founded in 1898 by Ambrosius Hiltl, son of a small farmer from the German town of Neumarkt, as a vegetarian home & temperance café on Opinion| The Embassy of Switzerland in Egypt against COVID-19. In 2019, Egypt and Switzerland celebrated 40 years of international cooperation, where the longstanding partnership resulted in. The Swiss Embassy said in a statement that the individual attempted to gain access to the residence of the Ambassador of Switzerland to the U.S., was denied entry, and subsequently jumped the.

German Missions in the United States. Welcome to the Website of the German Embassy Washington and the eight German Consulates General in the United States: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, and San Francisco. Regarding all questions on the coronavirus, please refer to the information provided by U.S. authorities. 294 Followers, 49 Following, 2 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from Swiss Embassy in Thailand (@swissembassybangkok Geneva (VNA) - The Vietnamese Embassy in Switzerland raised more than 32,500 CHF (35,395 USD) for Vietnam's COVID-19 prevention and control fund at an event held on June 21. Of the sum, 20,000. Iranian police on Tuesday started investigating the death of a Swiss diplomat who died after reportedly falling from a high rise in the capital of Tehran. The Swiss woman, in her 50s, fell from the upper floors of a 20-story building in which she lived in northern Tehran, the state-run IRNA news agency reported. The Swiss Foreign Ministry in Bern acknowledged in a statement that an employee.

The embassy is opening slots up in dribs and drabs, and they aren't open for the full week. They don't have appointments, and when they do open them up, everything is instantly gone. Stone notes that if you look online at other U.S. embassies - in Greece, Sweden, Switzerland, France - they have dates going into June and July. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.: You are free: to share - to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix - to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution - You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in. Bern - Embassy of Canada. Street Address Kirchenfeldstrasse 88, CH-3005 Bern, Switzerland Postal Address P.O. Box 234, CH-3000, Bern 6, Switzerland Telephone 41 (31) 357 3200 Fax 41 (31) 357 3210 Email bernconsular@international.gc.ca Internet www.switzerland.gc.ca Services Passport Services Available Twitter @CanSwitzerland

Embassy of Switzerland in Indi

Embassy of Canada to Switzerland in Bern. Kirchenfeldstrasse 88, CH-3005 Bern, Switzerland ( map) Contact and office information >>. Message from the Ambassador >>. Countries of accreditation: Switzerland and Liechtenstein. Tweets by @CanSwitzerland www.china-embassy.ch Spokesperson's Remarks: Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Wang Wenbin's Regular Press Conference on July 8, 2021 (2021/07/08) Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Wang Wenbin's Regular Press Conference on July 7, 2021 (2021/07/07

Namaste Switzerland- An exclusive Cultural Gala organized by Embassy of India, Berne to celebrate 75 years of India's Independence on 26 March, 2021. Ambassador Monika Kapil Mohta called on Federal Councillor H.E. Dr. Ignazio Cassis , Head, Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (Foreign Minister) of Switzerland on March 18 in Berne Diplomatic List The Diplomatic List is a periodic on-line publication issued by the Office of the Chief of Protocol which contains the names of members of the diplomatic staffs of all missions and their spouses as of the date the document is released. Members of the diplomatic staff are those mission members having diplomatic rank. [ A 30-year-old man was arrested after breaking into Switzerland's Embassy in Washington DC and assaulting the Swiss Ambassador on Monday, according to a court filing from a Secret Service agent For emergency assistance, Ph +64 99 20 20 20; E: cons@mfat.govt.nz. Office hours Due to COVID-19, we are only receiving face-to-face meetings by appointment. Office hours Mon-Fri 0830-1200 hrs; 1300-1700 hrs. Notarial services by appointment only, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, 1.00pm-3:30pm. Office hours The New Zealand Embassy has. Switzerland's Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA) confirmed the death of an embassy employee in Iran, the new outlet reported. The FDFA and its head Federal Councillor Ignazio Cassis are.

The first secretary at the Swiss embassy in Tehran was found dead on Tuesday after falling from a high-rise building where she lived in the north of the city, a spokesman for emergency services. An embassy is a diplomatic building that represents a country in another country. No nation in the world exists without an embassy in another territory or embassies of other countries within its region. For embassies to function effectively, they require the services of an ambassador and people for the vital post who represents the country.

The Embassy of the Philippines in Berne joins the nation in celebration of the 2021 Quincentennial Commemorations in the Philippines. -----. In 2021, we will commemorate the Philippine part in the achievement of science and humankind in circumnavigating the planet for the first time. Central in this commemoration is the 500th anniversary of the. Bern, Switzerland (Swiss Confederation) Address Royal Thai Embassy Kirchstrasse 56 3097 Liebefeld-Berne Switzerland Contact Numbers Tel: (+41) 31 970-3030 to 34, (+41) 31 970 3038 to 39 Fax: (+41) 3 Diplomatic representation of Switzerland. Information on consular services of the Consulate of Switzerland in Miami. On this website you will find general information about the Consulate of Switzerland in Miami. The majority of foreign consulates in Miami are from South American and European countries Directory & Search Engine Of The World's Embassies & Consulates. Directory & Search Engine Of Every Nations Embassies & Consulates. Serving the diplomatic community and the online community since 1996, EmbassyWorld is designed to provide a comprehensive list of contact resources for all of the world's diplomatic offices Embassy. Ambassador Profile; Ambassadors of India; Commercial Officer; Working Hours; Embassy Officials; Location Guide for the Embassy; Holidays at the Embassy 2021; Right to Information. Right to Information; Launching of e-IPO; India House; Bilateral Relations. Switzerland. India-Switzerland Relations; Factsheet on Switzerland; The.

* Romanian Embassies providing consular services to Australians. Not all countries have websites. Not all of our consulates and consulates-general have their own websites and you may be directed to the website of the Embassy or High Commission that is responsible for the country about which you are enquiring The Swiss government has confirmed media reports that a 51-year-old woman who died after she fell from a residential building in the wealthy Tehran suburb of Kamraniyeh was its embassy's first secretary. The FDFA [Swiss foreign ministry] confirms that a Swiss employee of the Swiss Embassy in Tehran died in a fatal accident on Tuesday. Myanmar's third-cycle report on human rights issue reviewed at 37th session of UPR. The 37th Session of Work Group on the Universal Periodic Review discussed Myanmar's third-cycle national report on human rights on 25 January 2021. The review session took place at the building of United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, on 25 January 2021

Welcome to the Consulate General in Geneva. In this section of our website you can keep up to date with the latest news from our Consulate General in Geneva, learn about the services provided, read about the Consul General and the mission's staff and find all the relevant contact information. Please note that the states of jurisdiction of our. An employee at the Swiss embassy in Iran died on Tuesday of an accident, the foreign ministry in Bern said after local news outlets reported the woman fell from the building where she lived

Switzerland Travel Advisor

  1. ica Grenada Guyana Haiti Jamaica St. Lucia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Vincent and the Grenadines Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Region: Caribbea
  2. The mission of the United States Embassy is to advance the interests of the United States, and to serve and protect U.S. citizens in Sweden
  3. China Consulate in Zurich of Switzerland is located at Bellariastrasse 20, CH-8002 Zurich and the consular office is at Mythenquai 100, 8002. The consular office working hour is 09:00-12:00 from Mon to Fri
  4. When there is no Switzerland Consulate located in Toronto you can either contact a consulate in a neigboring state or contact the embassy in Canberra. Toronto - Canada: Toronto is a major Canadian city located in the state of Southern Ontario. Toronto is the largest Canadian city and has one of the worlds most diverse foreign born inhabitants

DUBAI, May 4 (R) - A senior employee at the Swiss embassy in Tehran died on Tuesday after falling from a high-rise building where she lived in the north of the city, Iranian news agencies. Due to Liechtenstein's customs union with Switzerland, Swiss COVID-19 travel-related regulations also apply when traveling to Liechtenstein. As stated on the website of the Embassy of Switzerland to the United States, effective June 26, 2021 the USA is not considered a high-risk country anymore and therefore, the regular entry conditions apply Swiss Consulate ROKO Technical Services Roko Town Centre Nasser Lane, Plot 1-27 P.O. Box 172 Kampala Uganda is address of Switzerland consulate in Kampala, Uganda where you can apply visa to Switzerland. The consulate section assists both Switzerland nationals looking to apply for a visa to enter the Uganda as well as foreigners seeking information on entering the Switzerland

Addres: Swiss Consulate General in Hong Kong, Hong Kong Suite 6206-07, Central Plaza 18 Harbour Road Wanchai Hong Kong. Telephone Number: (+852) 3509 5000. Fax Number: (+852) 3509 5050. Email: hon.vertretung@eda.admin.ch A local staff of the Embassy of Switzerland in Colombo has been detained and threatened in what the Swiss Foreign Ministry on Wednesday called a serious security incident Embassy of Switzerland in the United States of America | 4,751 followers on LinkedIn. As the official representation of Switzerland, the embassy covers all matters concerning diplomatic relations. Embassy of Switzerland in Indonesia. Switzerland is the world's most competitive country according to the IMD World Competitiveness Center Ranking in 2021. Despite the impact of the pandemic, the report reflects Switzerland's strong infrastructure in education, health and science as key assets to its economic resilience. #WhySwitzerland

Bern's Old City - Bern WelcomeEmbassy of Ireland in Morocco - Embassy n VisaCuba Embassies Worldwide - Embassy n VisaTurkish Consulate General in Solomon Islands, AustraliaHonorary Consuls in Natal, Brazil - Embassy n VisaRussian Embassy in Georgetown, Guyana - Embassy n VisaBeijing's skies on June 19 and June 22, 2009

Embassy of Pakistan. Bernastrasse 47. 3005 Berne. Tel: 031 350 1790. Fax: 031 350 1799. Email: parepbern@gmail.com. Ambassador. Mr Ahmad Naseem Warraich. The Colossal Buddha - Journey from Pakistan to Switzerland Welcome to the YouTube channel of the Swiss Embassy in India. Through this channel we hope to bring to you interesting visuals on Indo-Swiss cooperation in d.. 3 reviews of Swiss Consulate General The Swiss consulate was all that one would hope and expect from the Swiss. It was highly secure, minimalist and efficient. They addressed all questions and concerns in a calm and informed manner while simultaneously being direct and to the point with the finer points of their laws. It was most likely a benefit to have come prepared with our identification. Swiss Embassy Newsletter Issue 006. Published on Dec 22, 2020. Kalima - the official Newsletter of the Embassy of Switzerland to the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain - is a publication discussing.